Background and Aims: Systemic therapy is mainly recommended for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Considering the variety of treatments available for HCC, there is a need to understand their relative benefits and risks, especially for the newly approved combination of immune checkpoint inhibitors and vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors represented by atezolizumab in combination with bevacizumab. A reticulated meta-analysis was used to evaluate the efficacy and safety of atezolizumab-bevacizumab combination therapy compared with other first-line systemic therapies for the treatment of patients advanced HCC.

Methods: PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Embase databases were searched from the time of library construction to 01 December 2022, and the data were extracted and analyzed using Stata16.0 for Meta-analysis. The data were extracted separately, and a meta-analysis was performed using the software Stata16.0.

Results: 16 clinical studies with 8,779 subjects were identified from 13,417 records and were used to build the evidence network for all trials. TThe combination therapy of atezolizumab and bevacizumab has the advantage of prolonging the OS of patients when treating advanced HCC [HR=5.71, 95%CI (4.30, 7.12), p<0.05] Also, the combination therapy has the advantage of prolonging the patient‘s progression free survival [HR=1.60, 95%CI (0.89, 2.49), p<0.05].

Conclusions: Atezolizumab-bevacizumab combination therapy can improve clinical outcomes such as OS and PFS in patients with advanced HCC.


hepatocellular carcinoma, drug therapy, first-line treatment, network meta-analysis