Background and Aims: Early gastric cancers (EGCs) after Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication often appear as reddish depressed lesions (RDLs); the same features are also appeared in benign stomachs after eradication. We compared clinic-pathological and endoscopic features of benign and neoplastic RDLs after H. pylori eradication.

Methods: 228 neoplastic RDLs after H. pylori eradication were studied. All lesions were divided into neoplastic RDLs (differentiated carcinoma or adenoma, n=114) and benign RDLs (n=114) according to the histology. Clinical and pathological characteristics were compared in neoplastic and benign groups. Endoscopic diagnostic yields using the white light (WL) endoscopy, chromoendoscopy (CE) using indigo carmine dye and the magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (ME-NBI) were also evaluated in relation to the pathological diagnosis.

Results: Size of neoplastic RDLs was larger than that of benign RDLs (p<0.01). Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for predicting pathological types of RDLs was 70.1%, 52.6% and 61.4% for the WL, 65.8%, 63.1% and 65.4% for the CE, while the ME-NBI scored better with the 88.6%, 88.6%, 99.1% and 93.9% of sensitivity, specificity and accuracy. The accuracy of the ME-NBI was 99.9% (113/114) in the benign RDLs and 89.4% (101/114) for the neoplastic RDLs. Undiagnosed neoplastic RDLs using the ME-NBI were associated with more differentiated tumors such as adenoma and well-differentiated adenocarcinoma (tub1) and the presence of an unclear demarcation line.

Conclusions: ME-NBI is useful to diagnose RDLs after H. pylori eradiation, while some of neoplastic lesions are difficult to diagnose using the ME-NBI.


Helicobacter pylori, eradication, reddish depressed lesions, benign, neoplastic, magnifying narrow-band imaging endoscopy, conventional white light endoscopy, chromoendoscopy