Abstract

Background and Aims: Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) with or without Ribavirin (RBV) has shown good results in terms of efficacy and safety in clinical trials in advanced liver cirrhosis, but real-life data are still needed in order to confirm this profile. We investigated the efficacy and safety of LDV/SOF in a large Romanian population with liver cirrhosis and genotype 1b hepatitis C virus (HCV).


Methods: We analyzed a multicentric retrospective cohort enrolling 349 patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis due to HCV who received LDV/SOF±RBV 12/24 weeks (301/48). Patients were included between 2017-2018, all with genotype 1b. Main inclusion criteria were liver cirrhosis and detectable HCV RNA. The cases were followed-up monthly during therapy and 12 weeks after the end of therapy.


Results: The cohort included 60% females with a median age of 61, 16% interferon (IFN) pre-treated, 53% with comorbidities, 40/53/7 % with Child Pugh A/B/C, 4% with virus B co-infection and 8% with previously treated hepatocellular carcinoma. Mean initial MELD score was 11.92 (6.82÷ 24.5). Six patients were lost during follow-up. Sustained virologic response (SVR) in intention-to-treat was reported in 85.1%. Predictive factors of SVR in decompensated cirrhosis were female gender (p=0.01), advanced age (p<0.001), lower bilirubin levels (p=0.002) and lower CTP score (p=0.02). In patients with CTP score B or C low bilirubin levels (p=0.003), low INR (p<0.001), increased platelet count (p=0.04), low CTP score (p<0.001), lack of encephalopathy (p=0.02), serum albumin >3.5g/dl (p=0.002) predicted improvement of liver function. Serious adverse events were reported in 16/349 (4.6%), most of them due to severe liver decompensation (9/16).


Conclusions: LDV/SOF±RBV proved to be highly efficient in our difficult to treat population with 85.1% SVR.

Keywords

ledipasvir/sofosbuvir, ribavirin, liver cirrhosis, hepatitis C virus, direct acting antiviral agents