This report describes the use of local thrombolysis using a tissue plasminogen activator in a case of a patient with refractory ascites referred for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) insertion. After successful TIPS insertion, the patient developed acute extended portal vein and TIPS thrombosis, which were treated with local thrombolysis using a tissue plasminogen activator, followed by the complete resolution of ascites. Although there are only limited published data of local thrombolysis for acute splanchnic vein thrombosis, we also review the relevance of the problem in the context of advanced liver disease.


tissue plasminogen activator, splanchnic vein thrombosis, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, prothrombotic condition